Climate - Average annual rainfall is 790 mm; snowfall is 2,340 mm. Average temperatures for January range from -9 to -2 °C; for July they range from 15 to 27 °C.
Soils - soils = Upland
soils are predominantly within the Grayling sand soil type, a Spodic
Udipsamment. Shallow water-table areas on the northwest and southeast boundaries contain the imperfectly drained Au Gres sands (Entic Haplaquod) and
poorly drained areas contain Roscommon sand (Typic Aquipsamment) interspersed with woody Tawas histosols.
Vegetation - oak and aspen forest cover types; jack pine and red pine plantations; lowland hardwood forests of elm, red maple, and occasional northern white-cedar
Research - established in 1961