San Claudio Farm

Location

35° 57' 26.64" S, 61° 12' 17.64" W
Brief Site Description: 
Cultivared temperate plain with temporary wetlands in lowland positions
Detailed Site Description: 

Located in Central Argentina, this farm represents the typical sedimentary landscapes with shallow groundwater of the Inner Pampas, in which long-term flooding cycles of several years alternate with flood-free periods. Low positions host temporary wetlands that are subject to cultivation during dry years. Groundwater represents an important water source for the vegetation but can become a stress factor for crops through waterlogging and salinization. The farm is subject to the typical management of the Pampas including soybean, maiz and wheat as dominant crops and single and double crop schemmes. In addition the farm hosts several tree plantations and old field succession plots. Most of this land covers occur at multiple topographic positions ranging from crests to lowlands withing the wind-shaped landscape. A complex array of wetlands includes recharge ponds with fresh water and discharge lagoons with salty waters. The farm is owned and managed by University of Buenos Aires. 

Field Site Type: 
International CZO
Registration: 
Unregistered
Network(s): 
None
Geology: 
unconsolidated materials
Soil Order: 
Entisol
Mollisol
Average Winter Temperature: 
8°C
Study Start Date: 
Friday, January 1, 2016 - 00:00
Mean Annual Precipitation: 
870millimeters / year
Average Annual Temperature: 
16°C
Average Summer Temperature: 
23°C
Hydrology: Name: 
very flat / ponded landscape
Hydrology: Surface water stream order: 
Unknown
Hydrology: Surface water - Stream Flow Performance: 
Unknown
Hydrology: Groundwater: 
Arrangment of Aquifer Components - Single, dominant unconfined aquifer
Land Cover: 
Grassland/Herbaceous
Agriculture- Crops
Herbaceous Wetlands
Open Water
Climate: 
Temperate
Sub-Climate: 
Subhumid