Pan de Azucar (EarthShape)

Location

25° 52' 59.9988" S, 70° 28' 59.9988" W
Brief Site Description: 
Pan de Azúcar National Park is made up by Pan de Azúcar Island, Las Chatas Islets, and emerging rocks called Las Mariposas.
Detailed Site Description: 

The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) funds a new priority research program (Schwerpunktprogramm, SPP).The initiative is coordinated by Prof. Todd Ehlers from the Department of Geoscience at the University of Tübingen and Prof. Friedhelm von Blanckenburg from the Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences. The program allocates €10.2m over two periods of three years each for the project titled: EarthShape: Earth Surface Shaping by Biota.

A common Geoscience paradigm holds that the Earth surface is shaped mainly by climate (eroding soil) and tectonics (building mountains). TheEarthShape project challenges this paradigm to explore how in addition biologic processes form soil, influence topography, and thereby shape the Earth surface and modulates the impact of climate change on the Earth surface. The influence of microorganisms, plants, and animals on the formation of soils and the shape of topography is still poorly understood, but new scientific technology now allows to identify their role. Research into biologic controls on topography is particularly important for understanding how future climate and biologic changes will impact the Earth’s surface.

 

Field Site Type: 
International affiliate
Registration: 
Registered
Network(s): 
Independent
Geology: 
igneous-felsic intrusive
Soil Order: 
Aridisol
Entisol
Inceptisol
Study Start Date: 
Thursday, December 31, 2015 - 18:00
Mean Annual Precipitation: 
50millimeters / year
Average Annual Temperature: 
6°C
Hydrology: Name: 
Quebrada Pan de Azucar
Hydrology: Surface water stream order: 
Unknown
Hydrology: Surface water - Stream Flow Performance: 
Ephemeral
Hydrology: Groundwater: 
Unknown
Land Cover: 
Barren Land
Climate: 
Unknown
Sub-Climate: 
Arid
Group visibility: 
Public - accessible to all site users