Annual precip: 800 - 1200 mm; mean annual soil T: Mesic: 8 to 15C; ecoregion: cool temperate
Habitat - Row-crop agriculture—conventional, organic based corn-soybean-wheat cultivation
Research - Ecological interactions underlying the productivity and environmental impact of production-level cropping systems; patterns, causes, and consequences of microbial, plant, and insect diversity in agricultural landscapes; gene transfer, community dynamics, and biofuel production.
Lithology - The landscape geomorphology is largely a reflection of the most recent continental glaciation, when the Saginaw and Lake Michigan ice lobes converged in this area (Kincare and Larson 2009). As these lobes retreated beginning around 18,000 years ago, they left till plains and upland end moraines that contain sand and gravel mixed with finer materials. Outwash plains—with medium to coarse sand and gravel derived from the erosion of these moraines—were deposited by the general southward drainage of the glacial meltwaters (Rheaume 1990, Kehew et al. 1996). In the vicinity of KBS, the unconsolidated glacial till and outwash deposits extend to depths of 15–60 m, with the thinnest deposits found along the Kalamazoo River valley where elevations are lowest (Rheaume 1990). The bedrock lying beneath the glacial deposits is either the Coldwater Shale or, to the northeast, the Marshall Sandstone formation. No bedrock outcrops are found in the area due to the thickness of these glacial deposits.