Climate - AAP = 300 mm ( lowest elevation - west end) - 750 mm (upper elevations -east end). Mean January temperature is -8°C; mean July temperature is 13°C.
Soils - silt loam and loam at the surface to clay loam in the subsoils; the soils are productive, have good water-holding qualities, and are only moderately erodible. geology = North Horn formation and Flagstaff limestone
Vegetation - Plant communities include oakbrush, piñon-juniper, aspen, Englemann spruce, subalpine fir, white fir, and sub-alpine herbland types.
Research - established in 1912
Facilities - headquarters complex, known as the Great Basin Environmental Education Center and currently managed by Snow College, includes a museum, amphitheater, and offices, as well as lodging, cooking, and camping facilities. Running water, plumbing, electricity, and telephones are available.